Europe’s migration crisis may swing Sweden to the right


>>Sreenivasan: SWEDEN IS A DAY
AWAY FROM ONE OF THE MORE
DISRUPTIVE ELECTIONS IN RECENT
EUROPEAN HISTORY.
ANALYSTS ARE PREDICTING A SHIFT
TO THE RIGHT, AWAY FROM THE
CENTER-LEFT POLITICS THAT HAVE
DOMINATED SWEDISH THINKING AND
SWEDISH GOVERNMENT FOR MORE THAN
HALF A CENTURY.
ALONG WITH HEALTHCARE AND
EDUCATION, ONE OF THE MAIN
ISSUES ON HAND HAS ALSO BEEN
ROILING THE REST OF THE EUROPEAN
CONTINENT: IMMIGRATION.
NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL
CORRESPONDENT MALCOLM BRABANT
REPORTS FROM THE SOUTHERN
SWEDISH CITY OF MALMO.
(CROWD BOOING)
>>Reporter: MORE THAN ANY OTHER
ELECTION IN RECENT HISTORY, THIS
IS A BATTLE FOR SWEDEN’S SOUL.
OFTEN IDEALIZED AS A MODEL
SOCIETY, SWEDEN IS NOW DIVIDED
BETWEEN THOSE WHO WANT IT TO
REMAIN GENEROUS, EGALITARIAN AND
OPEN TO FOREIGNERS AND OTHERS
WHO VIGOROUSLY OPPOSE
IMMIGRATION AND
MULTICULTURALISM.
GUSTAV KASSELSTRAND HEADS ONE OF
THE MOST EXTREME RIGHT WING
PARTIES THAT ADVOCATES MASS
DEPORTATIONS
>>(translated): WE HAVE THE
SWEDES ON OUR SIDE.
AND WITH OUR HEALTHY POLITICAL
IDEAS, WE ARE STARTING A NEW
PHASE, A RENAISSANCE IN SWEDEN.
>>Reporter: FOR ONE FACE IN THE
CROWD, THIS ELECTION HAS BECOME
PERSONAL.
HE’S A 23-YEAR-OLD REFUGEE FROM
THE SYRIAN CITY OF HOMS.
ABED ALLMUGHARBEL LEFT SYRIA
WHEN HE WAS 17, BEFORE HE COULD
FINISH HIS HIGH SCHOOL
EDUCATION.
IN SEPTEMBER 2015, WE MET ABED
AT THIS MOSQUE IN IZMIR ON THE
TURKISH COAST, WHERE HUNDREDS
GATHERED BEFORE TAKING RUBBER
DINGHIES TO THE GREEK ISLANDS EN
ROUTE TO NORTHERN EUROPE.
>>Reporter: ABED MANAGED TO
REACH SWEDEN BEFORE THE REFUGEE
TRAIL TO NORTHERN EUROPE WAS
CLOSED.
SINCE THEN, HE HAS ALMOST
FINISHED HIS HIGH SCHOOL
EDUCATION, AND DID SO IN
SWEDISH.
HE HAS TWO JOBS TO PAY FOR HIS
TUITION FEES.
HE DOES NOT RECEIVE WELFARE
BENEFITS.
HE HOPES TO STUDY PSYCHOLOGY AT
UNIVERSITY BUT FEARS THE RISE OF
THE RIGHT WILL THWART HIS
AMBITIONS.
>>Reporter: THE PARTY ABED WAS
PROTESTING AGAINST MAY ONLY BE
ON THE FRINGES OF THE CAMPAIGN,
BUT WHAT’S SIGNIFICANT IS THAT
UNTIL RECENTLY SUPPORTERS OF THE
SO CALLED ALT-RIGHT WERE SHY
ABOUT AIRING THEIR OPINIONS.
NOW, BEING ANTI-IMMIGRATION IS
NO LONGER TABOO.
>>OH, IT COSTS A LOT BECAUSE
THEY DON’T WORK VERY MUCH.
I MEAN, THEY HAVE A VERY LOW
PERCENTAGE IN WORK IF YOU
COMPARE IT TO SWEDES.
THE SWEDES PAY THE TAXES, AND
WELFARE IS FREE FOR EVERYBODY.
AND NOW THE LEFT, THAT WAS BEEN
SCREAMING HERE, SAY, “NO PEOPLE
IS ILLEGAL.”
I MEAN, WHAT KIND OF LANGUAGE IS
THAT?
>>Reporter: AT THE PEAK OF THE
EUROPEAN CRISIS, 163,000
REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS MADE IT TO
SWEDEN, ENCOURAGED BY THE
GOVERNMENT’S OFFER OF SANCTUARY
FOR SYRIANS.
>>398,399, VERY BIG FAMILY.
>>Reporter: BUT IT WASN’T JUST
SYRIANS WHO CAME.
THERE WERE ASYLUM SEEKERS FROM
ACROSS THE DEVELOPING WORLD,
LURED BY THE PROSPECT OF
SUBSIDIZED HOUSING AND GENEROUS
WELFARE BENEFITS.
THE CITY OF MALMO IN THE SOUTH
WAS A PARTICULAR MAGNET.
SWEDEN HOPED THAT OTHER EUROPEAN
COUNTRIES WOULD FOLLOW ITS
EXAMPLE.
THE THEN-MIGRATION MINISTER
MORGAN JOHANSSON WAS FRUSTRATED
THAT MANY E.U. PARTNERS CLOSED
THEIR BORDERS INSTEAD.
WHAT DO YOU SAY TO THOSE PEOPLE
WHO THINK THAT YOUR IMMIGRATION
POLICY, YOUR OPEN DOOR POLICY IS
NAIVE?
>>JUST TURN ON YOUR TELEVISION
SET AND SEE FOR YOURSELF WHAT
THESE PEOPLE ARE FLEEING FROM.
>>Reporter: AS SWEDEN FOUND
ITSELF OVERWHELMED BY THE
INFLUX, IT SEALED ITS FORMERLY
OPEN BORDER WITH DENMARK TO THE
SOUTH, TO TRY TO STEM THE FLOW.
IT WAS LIKE CLOSING THE STABLE
DOOR AFTER THE HORSE HAD BOLTED,
SAY THOSE ON THE RIGHT, LIKE THE
ALTERNATIVE FOR SWEDEN’S GUSTAV
KASSELSTRAND.
>>THE POLITICIANS HAVE FORCED
POLICY UPON US WITH MASS
IMMIGRATION THAT WE HAVE NEVER
EVER VOTED FOR, NEVER EVER
SUPPORTED.
>>Reporter: PRIME MINISTER
STEFAN LOVEN PRESIDED OVER THE
INFLUX, WHICH HAS STRAINED THE
HALLOWED WELFARE SYSTEM AND
CHANGED SWEDEN TO THE POINT
WHERE ONE IN FOUR OF THE
POPULATION NOW COMES FROM A
FOREIGN BACKGROUND.
HIS CENTER-LEFT SOCIAL DEMOCRAT
PARTY ADVOCATES HIGH TAXATION TO
PAY FOR THE CRADLE TO GRAVE
SAFETY NET.
>>IF WE CAN CONTINUE FOUR MORE
YEARS, AT LEAST FOUR MORE YEARS,
WE WILL CONTINUE TO INVEST IN
THE SWEDISH WELFARE SYSTEM, AND
THAT IS WHAT PEOPLE NEED NOW.
WE NEED TO BUILD SOLIDARITY AND
TRUST BETWEEN THE CITIZENS OF
SWEDEN, AND THAT’S WHAT WE WANT
TO DO.
>>Reporter: THIS IS A SOCIAL
DEMOCRAT CAMPAIGN VIDEO.
>>(translated): WHAT WOULD I
LIKE?
I WOULD LIKE A SOCIETY WHERE
SAFETY COMES BEFORE TAX RELIEF
SO THAT WE CAN AFFORD TO HIRE
MORE PEOPLE IN OUR MEDICAL CARE
SECTOR.
>>THIS IS AN ACTUAL REFERENDUM
ABOUT THE SWEDISH WELFARE
SYSTEM BECAUSE…
>>Reporter: BUT ISN’T IT ALSO A
REFERENDUM ON IMMIGRATION?
>>NO, IT’S NOT ABOUT CRIME.
>>Reporter: IT IS PERHAPS
TELLING THAT THE PRIME MINISTER
RESPONDS TO A QUESTION ABOUT
IMMIGRATION WITH AN ANSWER ABOUT
CRIME.
ON THE DAY HE WAS IN MALMO,
VIOLENCE RAISED ITS UGLY HEAD.
SUPERINTENDENT GLEN SJOGREN IS
BASED IN ROSENGARD, MALMO’S
BIGGEST GHETTO.
WE’RE ON OUR WAY TO A MURDER
SCENE IN A NEIGHBORING GHETTO.
HUNDREDS OF GANG MEMBERS ARE
FIGHTING FOR CONTROL OF THE
LUCRATIVE CANNABIS AND COCAINE
TRADE.
ACCORDING TO THE POLICE, ALMOST
ALL OF THOSE INVOLVED HAVE
IMMIGRANT BACKGROUNDS.
>>THIS YEAR, SO FAR, 11
HOMICIDES AND SHOOTINGS
INVOLVED.
>>Reporter: FOR MANY SWEDES,
THE GANG WAR SYMBOLIZES A
FAILURE OF INTEGRATION.
IT FUELS RESENTMENT AGAINST
IMMIGRANTS.
THE LATEST VICTIM WAS 20 YEARS
OLD.
HE WAS KILLED NEXT TO A LOCAL
MOSQUE.
THE FACT THAT RIVALS ARE KILLING
EACH OTHER IS OF LITTLE COMFORT
BECAUSE THE NUMBER OF SHOOTINGS
IS ON THE RISE, AND OFTEN
THERE’S CROSSFIRE.
>>(translated): MY NAME IS
JIMMIE AKKESSON, AND I WILL DO
EVERYTHING IN MY POWER TO SOLVE
THIS CHAOS THAT YOU SOCIAL
DEMOCRATS AND YOU LIBERALS HAVE
CREATED.
>>Reporter: JIMMIE AKKESSON IS
BENEFITING MOST FROM SWEDEN’S
GROWING SENSE OF INSECURITY.
HE LEADS YET ANOTHER FAR-RIGHT
PARTY, THE ANTI-IMMIGRANT SWEDEN
DEMOCRATS.
THE PARTY HAS NEO-NAZI ORIGINS,
BUT IT’S JETTISONED ITS MORE
EXTREME POLICIES AND MEMBERS WHO
ESPOUSE OPENLY RACIST VIEWS.
DESPITE BECOMING MORE
MAINSTREAM, THE SWEDEN DEMOCRATS
ARE WIDELY REGARDED AS PARIAHS.
IN ONE ELECTION VIDEO, AKKESSON
PAINTS AN APOCALYPTIC IMAGE OF
SWEDEN THAT CRITICS SAY WHIPS UP
THE CLIMATE OF FEAR.
>>(translated): MASS
IMMIGRATION HASN’T PAID OFF.
WE KNOW THAT TODAY.
AND WE KNOW THAT IN REALITY IT
INFLICTS ENORMOUS COSTS AND A
HUGE BURDEN ON OUR SOCIETY.
YOU HAVE CREATED A SWEDEN WHERE
FAMILIES ARE FORCED TO MOVE
BECAUSE THEY NO LONGER FEEL SAFE
IN THEIR OWN HOMES.
>>Reporter: ONE REASON WHY THE
RIGHT IS GAINING GROUND IS THAT
MANY WORKING AND MIDDLE CLASS
VOTERS HAVE ABANDONED THE
CENTER-LEFT SOCIAL DEMOCRATS
BECAUSE THEY BELIEVE THE PARTY
IGNORED THEIR CONCERNS OVER
IMMIGRATION.
ACCORDING TO THE LATEST OPINION
POLLS, THE CENTER-LEFT SOCIAL
DEMOCRATS OF PRIME MINISTER
LOEVEN ARE GOING TO GET THE MOST
VOTES, BUT NOT ENOUGH FOR HIM TO
FORM A GOVERNMENT OUTRIGHT.
AND SO, HE’S GOING TO HAVE TO
TRY TO FORM A COALITION.
ALTHOUGH THE RIGHT-WING SWEDEN
DEMOCRATS ARE ON COURSE TO
BECOME THE SECOND BIGGEST PARTY,
THE PRIME MINISTER HAS MADE IT
ABSOLUTELY CLEAR THAT HE WILL DO
EVERYTHING HE CAN TO PREVENT
THEM FROM HAVING ANY INFLUENCE.
>>FOR ME, ONE THING IS VERY
CLEAR.
NO COOPERATION OR DEPENDENCE ON
THE SWEDEN DEMOCRATS.
>>Reporter: BUT THAT’S IGNORING
A LARGE PERCENTAGE PERHAPS OF
THE SWEDISH PEOPLE WHO HAVE
THOSE VIEWS, ISN’T IT?
>>THIS IS A PARTY WITH VALUES
SO FAR FROM MINE.
THEY DO NOT PROTECT THAT EACH
INDIVIDUAL HAS THE SAME HUMAN
VALUE, THEY SPEAK BAD ABOUT
MINORITIES, THEY THREATEN MEDIA.
THIS IS A PARTY THAT… THIS IS
NOT JUST ANOTHER PARTY; THIS IS
AN EXTREME PARTY.
>>Reporter: A PARTY WITH SOME
UNEXPECTED SUPPORT.
NIMA GHOLAM ALI POUR IS A RARE
CREATURE.
HE’S BOTH A REFUGEE AND
CANDIDATE FOR THE SWEDEN
DEMOCRATS.
HIS PARENTS FLED FROM IRAN 30
YEARS AGO TO SAVE HIS BROTHER
FROM BEING CONSCRIPTED AS A
CHILD SOLDIER.
DESPITE THE PRIME MINISTER’S
STANCE, ALI POUR IS CONVINCED
THE VOICE OF HIS PARTY’S
SUPPORTERS WILL BE HEARD.
>>A LOT OF POLITICAL PARTIES
SAID THEY WOULD NEVER CHANGE ON
THE MIGRATION ISSUE.
AND THEY CHANGE OVERNIGHT.
SO, WE WILL SEE AFTER THE
ELECTION.
THEY NEED A GOVERNMENT THAT
FUNCTIONS.
AND IF WE GET A LOT OF SUPPORT,
YOU KNOW, THEY NEED SUPPORT IN
PARLIAMENT, SO THEY HAVE TO SEEK
OUR SUPPORT SOMEHOW.
>>Reporter: IF THE RIGHT WING
DOES AS WELL AS EXPECTED, THIS
WILL HERALD A SUBSTANTIAL SHIFT
IN THE FOUNDATIONS OF A
TRADITIONALLY SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC
SOCIETY.
IT’LL PROVIDE A WARNING TO THE
REST OF EUROPE’S LIBERAL ELITE.
IF IT CAN HAPPEN IN COZY LITTLE
SWEDEN, IT CAN HAPPEN TO YOU.
IGNORE THE WORKING CLASS AT YOUR
PERIL.

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